With all the awesome free and cheap events happening every week in and around Tokyo, you’ll no doubt find yourself trying to navigate the often confusing train, subway and bus networks. Following on from last month’s guide to restaurant Japanese, in this article, we’ll look at some useful Japanese questions and expressions that will help you find your way around this vast metropolis.
Finding your Way to your Destination
The first thing that you might need to ask when trying to get from A to B is how to get there. A simple way to ask that question is:
English (E): How do I get to…?
Japanese (J): douyatte … ni ikimasu ka?
E: Where is the train/bus to…?
J: … yuki no densha/basu wa doko desu ka?
Of course, it’s not much use asking the question if you can’t understand the answer! It’s impossible to cover every possible expression that a person might use to give directions, but here are a few useful words and phrases that you will likely hear:
E: To ride or take (a bus/train etc.)
J: norimasu / notte (the te-form, often used to give commands, such as directions)
E: Change trains/buses at …
J: … de norikaemasu / norikaete (te-form)
E: Get off at …
J: … de orimasu / orite (te-form)
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E: Platform number …
J: … ban sen
E: The … line
J: … sen
E: Bound for …
J: … yuki
E: Towards …
J: … hōmen
So, if you were in Shibuya and asked someone how to get to Roppongi, they might say something like the following:
E: Please take the Yamanote line towards Shinagawa, then change to the Hibiya line at Ebisu.
J: yamanote-sen wo shinagawa hōmen ni notte, ebisu de hibiya-sen ni norikaete kudasai
Complicated directions might be a bit much to take in, but if you have trouble understanding someone, just ask them to repeat slowly (say “sumimasen, mō chotto yukkuri onegaishimasu”), and then focus on key words like station and line names, “norikae” and “hōmen”.
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Asking for Additional Information
When moving around, there’s a good chance you’re interested in how much the journey to your destination will cost, and how long it will take. Here’s how to ask those questions:
E: How much does it cost to go to…?
J: … made wa ikura desu ka?
E: How long does it take to go to…?
J: … made wa dore kurai kakarimasu ka?
The answers to these should be quite straightforward, but you’ll need to know your numbers. These will be used with the “en” counter for yen, and the “fun” or “jikan” counters for minutes and hours, respectively.
For most buses in Japan, you simply pay as you are either getting on or off the bus, but trains of course require a ticket. The most common word used to refer to train tickets is “kippu”, although if it’s easier to remember, “chiketto” can also be used. To ask where you can buy tickets, say this:
E: Where can I buy a ticket?
J: kippu wa doko de kaemasu ka?
One thing to be careful of at larger stations with multiple train lines run by different companies is that in most cases, tickets for one line will not work on another, so you need to be sure you use the right ticket machine. The machines are usually well-marked, but not always, so just be careful and if you’re not sure, ask someone. To do so, you can make the above question more specific by specifying the line, or “sen”, like so:
E: Where can I buy a ticket for the … line?
J: … sen no kippu wa doko de kaemasu ka?
The word “sen”, by the way, can mean a number of things. It can refer to the platform number, the train line, such as the Yamanote-sen, or even the train company, such as the JR-sen. Unless you’re buying tickets for the shinkansen (bullet train) or a limited express with reserved seating, you normally only need to make sure you’re buying tickets for the right company – they’re not line-specific.
Making Sure you Catch the Right Train or Bus
Before you get on a train or bus, you can save yourself a lot of time by checking you’re not getting on something that will take you in completely the wrong direction. Try asking the bus driver, a station attendant or another traveler one of these questions:
E: Is this the bus/train to…?
J: kore wa … yuki no basu/densha desu ka?
E: Does this bus/train stop at …?
J: kono basu/densha wa … ni tomarimasu ka?
If all else fails…
You can always take a taxi. These are pretty straightforward, as the driver only has one question, and your answer needs to be nothing more than the address or landmark you’re heading to. However, taxis in Japan, especially Tokyo, are not exactly cheapo-friendly, so if you want to be sure you’re not going to need to donate a kidney when you reach the other end, it may be wise to ask something like this before jumping in:
E: I want to go to … About how much will it cost?
J: … ni ikitai desu ga, ikura kurai kakarimasu ka?
You shouldn’t expect their answer to be too precise, but it will at least give you an indication as to whether or not you’re better off seeking another means of transportation.
And that’s about it! Now you should be able to find your way to all the best Cheapo events like a local. For more basic Japanese lessons, stay tuned for another language guide next month, and be sure to check out my upcoming Japanese language book, 80/20 Japanese.