Being the international Cheapo that I am, I’ve battle-tested all sorts of methods and means of transferring money to Japan. In this article I chronicle the results of my quest. NB: If you’re a tourist looking to exchange cash for yen, go to this article. If you want to send your yen home, check out our transferring money out of Japan article.
Most people default to using their bank, but this is often the most expensive option—especially if you’re transferring a large amount of money. I confess this was my folly for my first two years in Japan.
Banks typically give you poor exchange rates (my bank would give me around 4% off the interbank rate), high fees and slow transfer times. Moreover, you typically have to phone during branch hours in the sending country (which might be the middle of the night in Japan), wait through hideous hold music, etc.
In addition, if you are a resident in Japan, it may be tricky to open a bank account “back home”, as you have to be resident in the country of the bank.
PayPal + remittance services
PayPal and Western Union are alternatives to banks, but in my opinion they aren’t really much better than banks (or worse even).
PayPal charges around 3-4% for normal transfers, plus they have a low transfer limit (unless you’re a Business or Premium user), so they are not much use for sending very large sums of money. That said, some cheapos have had success sending money from a bank in their home country to their PayPal account in that country, and from there to their Japanese PayPal account and then Japanese bank. They’ve found this to be a cheaper method than using bank-to-bank direct, though a time-consuming one that requires much jumping through hoops (verification and so on) and investigating of receiving charges.
Western Union has been in Japan since 2010 and is growing in popularity, but its transfer process can be cumbersome and costly once you factor in exchange fees.
The only plus about services like these is that you can typically use them via an online interface and don’t have to deal with your bank’s call center, which is likely outsourced to another country.
GoRemit from Shinsei Bank is a name you’ll hear often when talking about transfers—but alas, it can only be used for sending money OUT of Japan.
This remittance service *is* actually a good way of sending money to Japan. TransferWise is easy to use and not too pricey, either. You’re looking at a fee of between 0.5-1%, depending on the currency you use—and there are none of those heinous receiving charges mentioned later on in the article, or exchange rate rip-offs either. Turnaround time for transfers is usually two days, but can be faster. The only real downside? TransferWise is only available in a limited number of countries.
The cheapest and best way to send money to Japan
So after all my trials and tribulations, I discovered OFX the currency exchange provider. They facilitate foreign currency transfers direct to your bank account. They win on all counts:
- Their exchange rates are typically within around 1% of the interbank rate (i.e. their charge is 1% or less)
- The transfer fees are very low (and you can skip them entirely with our special cheapo link)
- Transfers arrive very quickly—my last UK -> Japan transfer took just 24 hours
- It’s super convenient to use; you can save beneficiary details, then just log in to your account and in a few clicks you’re done
Not only that, they have a series of tools, graphs and facilities to help you make the most efficient foreign currency transfers.
Exchange rate fluctuations
A big factor affecting your transfers to Japan is fluctuations in the exchange rate. If you’re moving to Japan and need to transfer a large sum, for a property purchase for example, the exchange rate is constantly moving—so it can either go for you or against you, having a big impact on the amount you get at the end of the day. As real estate investments have a fairly long time horizon, the risk is high that the exchange rate will have moved by the time you transfer your money. To manage your risk, a specialist can offer you a “forward contract”. These contracts allow you to lock in an exchange rate for a date in the future; that means you’re buying now but paying for the full contract at a later date.
If you are making or receiving regular payments you can also lock into the rate today and make sure you get the same rate on monthly or quarterly payments for up to a year.
Another tool many people use is a “limit order”. This is when you specify the rate you want and your foreign exchange provider then watches the rates for you. If your rate goes to your desired level the provider purchases the currency at that rate. Limit orders are especially helpful because people cannot watch the actively fluctuating foreign exchange market all of the time, and so they might miss out on a favorably spiked or short-term exchange rate improvement.
OFX can help with all of these nifty strategies.
Watch out for receiving bank charges
Banks in Japan love charging their customers pointless fees and will often apply a receiving charge to release the funds to your bank account EVEN IF YOU ARE SENDING THE MONEY IN YEN! Many banks charge a ridiculous 3,000-4,000 yen to receive yen transfers. And if foreign currency amounts are transferred to yen accounts in Japan, the receiving bank will set the exchange rate to yen—and charge you another couple of thousand for the conversion.
Shinsei Bank are popular (and unusual) because they tend not to charge receiving fees, while JP Post and SMBC are on the lower end of the fee scale, charging around 1,000-1,500 yen per transfer. Most other banks are squarely in the 4,000 yen+ bracket.
Some bad news: these amounts don’t include intermediary fees. Most transfers, including those done via Shinsei, use intermediary banks which may or may not deduct handling charges—that’s more money down the tube. Cheapo tip: If you can specify an intermediary bank with a transfer to a Shinsei Bank account, opt for Citibank Japan Ltd, Tokyo Branch (for yen payments) or JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Tokyo Branch (for USD payments), as they don’t charge fees.
If your transfer is from a major international bank to a major Japanese bank, then it should avoid intermediaries and “lifting fees”—just check before you send.
One final means of sending money to Japan I should mention is using crypto currency. You’ve probably heard of Bitcoin and its Wild West tales of booms, busts and more booms—plus you may have heard about the demise of the MtGox Exchange, a company that was based in Shibuya.
Since I’m a bit of a geeky Cheapo, I thought I’d see how using Bitcoin to move money to Japan would compare with other means, and before MtGox collapsed, I made several not insignificantly-sized transfers to my Japanese bank account using Bitcoin as an intermediary. To my happy surprise it was quite easy, fairly fast and the rate was reasonably good.
I used a site called bitbargain.co.uk to buy Bitcoins using a bank transfer from my UK account, I then sent the Bitcoins to my (now evaporated) MtGox account, which I withdrew to my JP Bank account as yen. I was actually able to beat the interbank rate by gambling on the Bitcoin vs JPY price going up in my favor—since Bitcoin is still pretty volatile it makes for fun gambling like this. But be warned, Bitcoin and crypto currencies in general are still quite new and risky; there are many ways to lose your coins, from price volatility to hacking to just forgetting your password/key.
Of course MTGox is no more (it shut down still owing its customers tens of millions of dollars), and a few years on Bitcoin is still pretty difficult to use—I wouldn’t recommend using it for currency transfer.
This post is regularly updated. Last update: December 2016.
Filed under: Business, Financial
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