Meiji Jingu: Where Japanese Spirit Meets Western Knowledge

Lily Crossley-Baxter

Surrounded by cedar forests and beautiful gardens, Meiji Jingu has an austere grandeur that serves as the perfect escape from the crowds as well as an intriguing history of welcoming the West.

Meiji Shrine
Photo by SIndy Lee used under CC

Founded in 1920 to commemorate Emperor Meiji and his wife Empress Honten, it is now the most visited religious site in Japan, drawing crowds of up to a million on special occasions.What gives Meiji its charm, however, is the dedication to the philosophy of the Emperor it commemorates: the harmony of Japanese spirit and Western knowledge. Having presided over the opening of Japan’s borders to the world and being a staunch supporter of industry and development, Emperor Meiji left a strong legacy and helped create the Japan of today. Throughout the shrine are tokens and gestures to this belief and it turns an impressive but simple shrine into a much-loved and fascinating reflection of Japan.

The history

Having ascended to power at the tender age of 15, Emperor Meiji was extremely popular, as was his wife—the Empress Honten during his reign as the 22nd emperor. She was a keen promoter of national welfare and women’s education, and died two years after her husband. Although the couple are buried in Kyoto, following their deaths it was agreed that the shrine would be built for their souls to rest in, with plenty to commemorate their achievements. The presence of the 22nd emperor and his consort are still felt in the area, with fortunes using their personal waka poetry, museums displaying their possessions and annual celebrations of their lives.

The original buildings were mostly destroyed during the bombing raids of World War 2 and rebuilt in 1958, but the Shukeisha and South Gate survived.

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The forest

The huge surrounding forest was created in memory of the emperor and empress for their souls to dwell in and was planted entirely by hand.

meiji jingu
Photo by vr4msbfr used under CC

All 10,000 trees were donated to their memory from across Japan and the world, and was carefully planned to form an eternal forest. There are now over 170,000 trees and it is hard to distinguish from a natural forest with dozens of different endangered species calling it home.

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Naien or Gaien?

There are two areas of the shrine, but the central is the most important for visitors. The inner precinct covers 700,000 square meters and is called the Naien. It mainly includes the shrine buildings and the Treasure Museum as well as the surrounding gardens and forests. The Gaien is the outer precinct which stretches out to include the Meiji Memorial Picture Gallery, the nearby National Stadium and the Meiji Memorial Hall which is often used for meetings and weddings. Unless you have a keen interest in stadiums and very long walks, we suggest you stick to the Naien…

Stepping into the inner precinct

Meiji Jingu Tori Gate
Photo by Froschmann used under CC

Once you turn into the cooling forest, towered over by ancient cedar trees and hopefully a cool breeze if it’s summer, you will see your first looming torii gate. Standing tall at 12m, the gates are made from 1,500-year-old cedar wood and represent the entrance to a sacred ground, where the everyday should be left behind. Once you reach the gate, you should bow once to it before stepping through, if you are keen to follow tradition.

Kazaridaru: From France and Japan

Further into the forest you’ll notice two walls of decorative barrels, the first display of the dedication to combining values and traditions of Meiji himself. Perched on top of each other, the sake barrels are each covered in designs and names of breweries.

Sake at Meiji Jingu
Photo by Taka PPRS

Called Kazaridaru, they are bound in straw and displayed at every shrine, having been donated by sake brewers. Sake is intrinsically tied to Shinto religion and practice—the brewers donate the sake used in ceremonies whilst the shrines conduct rites asking for the brewer’s prosperity. While most shrines accept donations form local brewers, Meiji Jingu and Ise Jingu accept donations from every brewer in the country. With over 1800 brewers in Japan, this requires careful coordination and brewers often provide a token bottle or empty barrel rather than overloading the shrine.



Wine at Meiji Jingu
Photo by Danny Choo used under CC

The second display, however, is not of sake, but of French wine from Bourgogne—donated and displayed as a reminder of international ties. Emperor Meiji would encourage Western culture in everyday life and would often drink wine with his meal as well as wearing Western dinner clothes.

The central complex and courtyard

The spacious main complex will give you a sense of breathing space like no other, allowing you take take in the view of the impressive Hoden directly ahead (when not obscured by selfie sticks).

Meiji Jingu
Photo by Solmarch used under CC

To your right is the Kaguraden, the hall of Shinto Music and Dance which is used for performances. On the same side is the Nagadono Juyosho—the amulet office where you can get stamps for your shrine book, lucky charms of fortunes (more on that below). There are plenty of benches for a rest in the shade (definitely needed in the summer) and you can take your time reading people’s wish-inscribed ema, or adding your own.

The Honden is built in the Nagerezukuri style using Japanese cypress wood and copper and you can pray if you like, following the simple steps below. The inside of the temple is stunning with amazing decorations, but the general rule for photography is that if there is a roof above you, no pictures.



If you visit on a Sunday, you are quite likely to see a wedding procession solemnly making its way through the courtyard. There is a sacred rope attached to two-century-old trees to the left of the courtyard for couples who wish to pray for a strong relationship. Since the shrine is equally dedicated to the empress, and their mutual strengths are recognized and dedication reflected in gardens, etc., it should be a pretty good place to ask for luck!

The Treasure Museum

Treasure Museum (Homotsuden) – 500 yen: Personal belongings and clothes of the two as well as portraits of emperors. The current exhibition has the magnificent horse carriage used by the emperor himself 120 years ago. The design is reminiscent of the Japanese National Treasure House in Nara and was completed in 1921. Please check before you visit as the treasure house is currently undergoing earthquake-proof construction and will open again shortly. 

The Treasure Museum Annex (Homotsuden-Tenjishitsu) is a more modern building which has exhibitions as well as a snack bar, a souvenir shop and other conveniences. Despite being called the annex, the two treasure halls are at opposite ends of the park and are about 15-minutes walk away from each other.

Iris gardens

Meiji Jingu Garden is one of the oldest parts of the precinct and some parts of the gardens were actually designed by Emperor Meiji himself for his wife’s enjoyment. The iris garden, tea house, small paths and fishing spots were created for her invigoration and the garden takes on new life with every changing season.

Iris Garden in Meiji Jingu
Photo by Isapisa used under CC

You can see azaleas in spring, 150 species of iris in summer, autumn’s leaves and snow-covered yukitsuri protecting pine trees in the winter. If you’re lucky you may spot a tanuki napping on the grass or scampering through the gardens—the raccoon-type animals live here and are pretty cute as well as being prominent in Japanese folklore. Entry to the gardens cost 500 yen.

The legend of Kiyomasa’s well

Said to have been dug by Kato Kiyomasa, a famous feudal warlord who lived in the area during Edo times, the well ha grown in popularity relatively recently. It has gained quite the reputation as a powerspot following appearances on TV shows where people claimed to have had good luck after visiting and keeping the picture as their phone background. The well is the fountainhead of the south pond and is located in the gardens which require an entry fee.

Traditions

Similar to any other shrine you may visit in Japan, there are some simple rules to follow for a respectful visit:

Meiji Jingu font
Photo by Wenjie Zhang used under CC
  • At the gates, bow once when entering and once when leaving.
  • When you reach the font (temizuya), rinse your hands and mouth with water and at the end allow the water to run down the stick and place it back. Don’t let any used water go back into the font, and do not touch the dipper with your mouth.
  • If you wish to pray, place some coins on the offering box, bow twice, clap twice, make a wish, bow again.

 Souvenirs from Meiji Jingu

Meiji Jingu Ema
Photo by Andi Fisher used under CC

Choose your ema: these are wooden tables you can write wishes on for the future. There are two kinds, the Kigan-ema which has the crest of the shrine on, and the Eto-ema which has the zodiac symbol of the year on. You can either hang your ema from one of the wooden hooks around the camphor tree on the Eastern side of the main shrine building, or you can take it home.

Good-luck charms: You can get many different omamori, for things like safety, health or study—you tend to keep them until their purpose has been fulfilled. If you choose one that is a small bag, it is not meant to be opened—it has a small emblem of the shrine inside, called an ofuda.

A hand-printed goshuin is a memorial seal available for shrine books, and has the emblem stamped and the date inscribed by hand. You can have it done directly in your shrine book, or you can have a single sheet. There are also free stamps in the shrine for regular books or notepaper if you would like a souvenir.

Fortune: You can collect your omikuji in Japanese or in English and see what the world has in store for you in the future. The shrine has chosen 10 waka from the works of the Emperor Meiji and the Empress Shoken in order to provide visitors with the divine grace of the imperial couple. You can find the English fortunes in a box right in front of the main building.

Festivals, performances and ceremonies

Host to a lot of great festivals, performances and celebrations, it can be a great (but busy) place to see some of Japan’s traditions in action. There are certain days that attract upwards of a million people—for example the Emperor Meiji’s birthday and New Year’s Eve/Day.

Meiji Jingu New Year
Photo by Yoshikazu Takuda used under CC

They have detailed schedules of all events taking place including times for the spring and autumn festivals and main anniversaries. Some of the main dates are as follows:

  • Sumo ceremony (Jan 6th) – The sumo champion is honored in the shrine grounds.
  • National Foundation Day Festival (Feb 11th)
  • Hinamatsuri (Feb 26th) – Japan’s traditional doll festival
  • Grand Spring Festival (May 2nd-3rd )
  • Empress Shoken Memorial Ceremony (April 11th)
  • Emperor Meiji Memorial Festival (July 30th)
  • Grand Autumn Festival (Nov 1st-3rd) – Around 1 million people flood the grounds on November 3rd, the birthday of Emperor Meiji and a national holiday, as it kicks off the autumn celebrations.
  • Year-End Ritual (Dec 31st)
Name: Meiji Jingu
Pricing info: Free, Park and Museums have entry fees (500yen)
Address: Meiji Jingu 1-1 Yoyogi-Kamizono-cho, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 151-8857, Japan
Location(s): Harajuku, Shibuya,
Access: Meiji-Jingu Mae Station, Harajuku Station
Web: http://www.meijijingu.or.jp/english/index.html
Phone: 03-3379-5511 03-3379-5511
Business hours: Sunrise to Sunset - Differs each month, between 5am - 6.30pm
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