Osaka: cheaper, dirtier, and a whole lot friendlier than Tokyo. A vibey city of 2.7 million, it’s bigger than neighboring Kyoto and also more down to earth. Osaka is a port city; it was also once the business hub of Japan, with merchants from all over selling their wares and serving up good grub. The food culture prevails — Osaka is known as Japan’s kitchen.

Whether you’re heading from Tokyo to Osaka to chow down, check out Universal Studios Japan, or you’re on a secret mission, here are the fastest and cheapest ways of getting there.

tl;dr Generally speaking, the Shinkansen is the all-around best choice: it’s the fastest way to travel (when you consider transit time between the airports and city centers).

Quick Comparison of Tokyo to Osaka Transport Options

Transport Comfort Price Time Emissions Booking Links
Bullet train ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ¥10,700¥14,920, cheaper with discount passes 2.5 – 3 hrs 4.65kg CO2 Japan Rail Pass
Flights ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆ ¥4,000 + plus transfers 3.5 – 5 hrs (incl. transfers) 66.5kg CO2 Search flights
Buses ★ ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆ ¥3,500¥10,200 6–10 hrs 15kg CO2 Search Buses
Regular trains ★ ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆ ¥9,000 or ¥2,410 with Seishun pass 9 hrs (possibly much longer) 10kg CO2

Video guide to travel between Tokyo and Osaka

Jump to:

Note: If you’re visiting Japan and this is not going to be your only domestic trip, a Japan Rail Pass (JR Pass) will almost certainly work out to be the most economical option. This discount rail ticket allows virtually unlimited travel on Shinkansen trains for 7, 14, or 21 days. If you’re making a quick trip from Tokyo to Osaka, then popping down to Hiroshima, for example, the pass will more than pay for itself.

Only doing the Tokyo to Osaka route? Discounted Shinkansen tickets are worth considering. So are buses and other cheapo alternatives. Read on for a full breakdown of options.

Osaka Castle with cherry blossoms
Osaka Castle is one of Osaka’s top attractions — especially when it is surrounded by cherry blossoms | Photo by iStock.com/lkunl

How far is it to Osaka from Tokyo?

Osaka is about 250 miles (400km) west of Tokyo as the crow flies. By rail or road, the journey is more like 320 miles (515km).

What is the travel time Between Tokyo and Osaka?

Here’s a summary of the travel time on various types of transport:

*Includes shortest embarkation/disembarkation and travel time to/from airport

Shinkansen (bullet train) from Tokyo to Osaka

tokyo to osaka bullet train
The Shinkansen is the easiest way of getting from Tokyo to Osaka | Photo by iStock.com/vichie81

Time

The journey time from Tokyo to Osaka is a reasonable 2.5–3 hours, with no transfers required. The route, on the Tokaido Shinkansen line, is popular, served by multiple Shinkansen every hour.

The fastest train, the Nozomi, will get you from Tokyo Station to Shin-Osaka Station in just 2 hours 30 minutes. Taking the Hikari will add an extra 30 minutes or so to your travel time. The sluggish Kodama, the oldest in the fleet, takes closer to four hours, and is generally avoided except by last-minute riders and super discount-seekers. (If you’re using a Japan Rail Pass, you’ll be limited to the Hikari and Kodama trains). 

Note: The Shinkansen arrives at Shin-Osaka Station which is not Osaka Station proper. The JR Tokaido Main Line connects the two stations in 4 minutes; JR Kyoto, JR Kobe, and JR Takarazuka line trains all run on this route. The ¥160 fare is covered by the bullet train ticket. Unlike Osaka Station, Shin-Osaka Station is relatively easy to navigate and the transfer is a only a short walk.

shin-osaka station
The Shinkansen platform at Shin-Osaka Station (which is not Osaka Station) | Photo by iStock.com/Sanga Park

Cost

During peak season (that’s spring and summer holidays, Golden Week and the New Year period), a regular one-way ticket on costs ¥14,920 to ride a Nozomi train and ¥14,600 to ride a Hikari or Kodama train. It’s a couple hundred yen cheaper the rest of the year. Ticket prices are the same whether you depart from Tokyo Station or Shinagawa Station.

To save a bit of cash — ¥530 on Hikari and Kodama trains and about ¥1,000 on Nozomi trains (calculated on a sliding scale) — you can risk unreserved seating (jiyuseki). However, this could see you standing the whole way. If you are traveling with kids, have big bags, or aren’t comfortable being on your feet for hours, it’s best to book a reserved seat (shiteiseki). You can do this in advance.

How to save money with discount tickets and packages

There are a few cheaper ways to take the bullet train. If you’re coming from outside Japan, it’s recommended that you take advantage of a Japan Rail Pass.

tokyo to osaka dotombori
Osaka’s famous Dotonbori area | Photo by iStock.com/javarman3

If you live here, or your schedule is flexible and you’re cool with four hours on an older model of bullet train, you could use the Puratto (Platt) Kodama Economy Plan and ride down to Osaka on the Kodama. This gets you a one-way ticket for between ¥10,800 and ¥12,400, depending on the time of year. You have to buy a Puratto tickets at least one day in advance, and numbers are limited. Purchase them from JR Tokai Tours or from any JTB Travel counter in Tokyo.

The Hokuriku Arch Pass: If slow travel is your jam, you might want to check out the Hokuriku Arch Pass, too. It’s a nifty regional rail pass that takes you between Tokyo and Osaka, meandering along Japan’s “golden route” that includes Nagano, Toyama, and Kanazawa.

Luggage

If you have a lot of luggage, or even one huge bag, consider sending it on ahead with a luggage delivery service. New Shinkansen luggage rules dictate that luggage with dimensions of over 160cm but under 250cm will require special reservations. This is not at any extra cost; however, space for luggage is limited. And if you are reserving a spot for your luggage you also have to reserve a seat for yourself (meaning you can’t go for the cheaper unreserved seats). Bags over 250cm won’t be allowed onboard the bullet train at all.

Carbon Emissions

One other great fact about the Shinkansen is it is the lowest emissions per passenger mode of transport (apart from walking or cycling). According to JR and our own calculations, the Tokyo to Osaka Shinkansen — with about 4.65KG CO2 per passenger — is about 1/12 of the carbon emissions of flying.

Flights from Tokyo to Osaka

Peach Airlines A320
Cheap direct flights between Tokyo and Osaka can be had, but the costs of airport transfers add up | Photo by Gregory Lane

Taking to the sky is also an option, but it’s not always the most convenient way to travel between Tokyo and Osaka. A one-way ticket can go for as low as ¥4,000 or up to ¥12,000 on a low-cost carrier like Peach or Jetstar, but you’ll need to factor in other expenses.

The easy 1.5-hour direct flight is complicated by the transit time/cost required to get to Narita Airport as well as from Kansai International Airport (KIX) into Osaka.

Here’s an overview of current flight prices:

Route Airline One-way Fare Booking
Tokyo => Kansai Peach ¥4,103 (US$29) Details
Tokyo => Kansai Jetstar ¥4,119 (US$29) Details
Tokyo => Kansai Japan Airlines ¥8,274 (US$58) Details

You can grab this discount pass for the Kansai Airport Haruka Express train.

What about Haneda Airport? And Osaka Itami Airport?

There are direct flights between Tokyo’s Haneda Airport and Osaka Itami Airport. Both of these airports are closer to their respective city centers than Narita and KIX.

However, low cost carriers like Peach and Jetstar do not fly this route. The only airlines that do are the pricier legacy carriers, Japan Airlines (JAL) and All Nippon Airways (ANA). Both offer discounted plane tickets to foreign travelers — currently ¥7,700 one-way for the lowest price tickets on the Haneda to Itami route — but this is still usually more than the LCC fares.

Carbon Emissions

You probably won’t be surprised to learn that although flights might save you money they won’t help towards saving the planet. With likely around 12 times the CO2 emissions of taking the Shinkansen, unless you plan on driving a car all on your own, flying is likely the worst option for the environment.

Highway buses from Tokyo to Osaka

highway bus japan
Even cheap coaches are generally pretty nice in Japan | Photo by iStock.com/Tony Studio

Hopping on a highway bus will get you from Tokyo to Osaka in around 6–10 hours (8 on average) and set you back between ¥3,500 to ¥10,200 one way, depending on what level of comfort you’re after. There are night buses and day buses, with the former departing around midnight and rolling into Osaka at the crack of dawn. The buses leave from major stations in Tokyo. Most buses have toilets; some don’t, but they all stop regularly for loo and smoke breaks.

There are various bus companies, but try Willer Express and Kosoku Bus for reasonably-priced bus tickets. It’s pretty standard to find a night bus for ¥3,500 or under one-way.

Carbon Emissions

Being a form of mass transit traveling by coach is one of the more energy efficient options for traveling longer distances in Japan. We estimate the Tokyo to Osaka journey by coach will create CO2 emissions of around 15kg per passenger.

Regular trains

People riding a local train in Japan
Spending a day chilling on local trains is one way to do the Tokyo–Osaka trip | Photo by iStock.com/jamesteohart

Travelers who are happy going nowhere slowly might want to consider the ultra-cheap Seishun 18 Pass, available three times a year (coinciding with university holidays). For ¥12,050, you’ll get five (non-consecutive is fine) days of travel on any and all local JR trains, as well as rapid JR trains that don’t require seat reservations. That’s ¥2,410 per day of travel. This means you can, technically anyway, get to Osaka and back for ¥4,820 (leaving you with three more days of travel). Not the most efficient way of doing things but certainly an adventure!

You can also share the tickets with friends — for example, one set of the five tickets could get five of you down to Osaka (that would use them all up). The snag? You’re looking at at least nine hours of total travel time, with at least seven transfers. You can use the rail route planning sites Hyperdia or Jorudan to plot your trip.

If you were keen on using regular trains to get from Tokyo to Osaka without the Seishun 18 Pass, think twice: the cost of the trip is around ¥9,000 one way, making pretty much everything else more economical.

Driving from Tokyo to Osaka

You can also rent a car and drive from Tokyo to Osaka, but the highway tolls and speed limits make this a less-than-fun journey. The drive takes about five or six hours and costs about ¥10,000 in tolls (ETC fare). And then you’ve got a car in Osaka, where driving and parking are a pain.

If you’ve got weeks at your disposal and a good pair of walking shoes, you could hoof it hobo style (although to be honest, we wouldn’t). You could also put pedal to the metal and roll that mamachari across the country. Or you could travel with a sense of class and ride that discount unicorn you found at Donki

Summary of transport options from Tokyo to Osaka

The fastest, easiest, and most convenient option is the Shinkansen, especially if you have a Japan Rail Pass or are looking to arrive quick-fast. The cheapest option is usually a highway bus, followed by flights — but these are both a bit time-consuming.

Pro tip: Here are a few ideas on what to do in Osaka once you’re there. Our Osaka accommodation guide might come in handy, too.

Going the other way: Traveling from Osaka to Tokyo

If you’re heading east to the capital of Japan, your transport options are pretty much identical, with the exception of some of the discount deals. We have a dedicated guide to the Osaka to Tokyo route — give it a quick read.

Tokyo to Osaka travel FAQs

When is the best time to book travel between Tokyo and Osaka?

Osaka is an evergreen destination, though the usual peak travel season cautions apply. Travel in Japan is always more hectic, crowded, and expensive during peak periods, which include: year-end/New Year’s, cherry blossom season (late March to early April), Golden Week, summer break (late July through August).

Shinkansen tickets fluctuate only slightly — a few hundred yen — but flights and buses, with dynamic pricing, can cost as much as twice the price of an off-peak ticket. There are no black out dates on the discount fares for international tourists offered by JAL and ANA, though flights may very well sell out during busy periods.

Generally speaking, weekdays are better than weekends (though beware of getting on city trains during rush hour with luggage).

Is it possible to do a day trip to Osaka from Tokyo?

Yes, it is. The Shinkansen starts running around 6am and the last return train from Shin-Osaka to Tokyo is around 9pm. This gives you a whole day in Osaka — but does mean missing out on Osaka’s famous nightlife.

A night bus gives you slightly more time, but even an 11pm return bus still requires a relative early night (by Osaka standards!).

Osaka is much more doable as a day trip from Kyoto, which is only a 30-minute train ride away.

While we do our best to ensure it’s correct, information is subject to change. This post was first published in 2016 and is updated regularly. Last update: May 2022.

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