Japan has more hot springs than anywhere in the world, so it’s the perfect place to warm up this winter with a good soak. Lucky for you, there are plenty of onsen towns near Tokyo to dip your toes into, as well as some a little further afield for your travels.
Probably the only thing that makes winter in Japan bearable is the prospect of sinking into a hot, steaming onsen so relaxing you forget the 20 other naked people around you—if only temporarily. There are plenty of baths in Tokyo, including the mega Oedo Onsen Monogatari, but for a real escape, head to one of the resorts to enjoy a mini-break that’ll leave you sloth-like in your levels of relaxation.
If you’re staying in Tokyo briefly, you can opt for a weekend getaway or make it a pit stop on your one-week itinerary—either way, it’s one of the most integral winter experiences you can have in Japan, so you might as well do it properly. If you’re more excited to see monkeys bathing than getting in yourself (or want to combine the two), have a look at our article on getting to the popular Jigokudani Snow Monkey Park in Nagano.
Side note for the nervous
Being publicly naked may not be your idea of relaxing, but believe us (as some of the most prudish of prudes), it is so, so worth it. As long as you follow the onsen protocol, and after a few stares, the other people will soon lose interest and you can carry on your merry way.
Close to home: Five onsen towns near Tokyo
If you’re planning on a day trip or weekend away from Tokyo, these towns are far enough away to leave the city smoke behind, but close enough to get there and back in time for an early-ish night.
Kusatsu | Gunma Prefecture | 4 hours
An easy bus ride from Tokyo, Kusatsu is one of the better-known spots among onsen lovers due to its unique open-air cooling technique. Stroll through the streets in the evening to admire the Yubatake: a giant chute of hot water running through the center of the town and supplying the many onsen nearby.
You can try the super-hot pools for free throughout the town and pay a small fee for some of the cooled ones with facilities. Although it could be a day trip, you definitely don’t want to to miss the lights at night, so make this one a weekend away—and don’t worry, Kusatsu can be done for ¥10,000, so it shouldn’t break the bank!
Getting there: Buses are a really convenient way to reach Kusatsu as they run direct from Shinjuku Station and are affordable too! It takes four hours and will cost around ¥3,000 each way through Kosoku or Willer. Have a quick look at our guide for all the info.
Hakone | Kanagawa Prefecture | 100 minutes
If you’re after a more fun take on an onsen, definitely check out Yunessun—a kind of onsen theme park with wine baths, tea baths and more. For a more traditional approach, choose from the many ryokan (traditional Japanese inns) who open their doors to visitors, like Kohan-no-yu which looks out across Lake Ashi. If you have tattoos, head to Tenzan which has a beautiful rock-lined rotenburo (outdoor bath) and is more accepting than most (i.e., be discreet and you’ll be fine).
Hakone has plenty more than onsen to keep you entertained, with the aforementioned pirate ship, art galleries, teahouses, steaming valleys, and other attractions.
Getting there: Best reached by train, there are plenty of combination deals and Hakone even has its own transport pass. It takes just under 2 hours from Shinjuku Station by train (with one transfer) and costs ¥1,220 each way. See our full Hakone transport guide for the best combo deals though!
Ikaho | Gunma | 2.5 hours
Best known for the 300 m staircase that leads up through the town, Ikaho is one of Gunma Prefecture’s four famed onsen and is a wonderful escape from Tokyo. The thermal waters here are a reddish brown thanks to iron presence and are believed to be good for poor circulation and fatigue.
Much like Kusatsu, you can actually see the source of the water here at the top of the steps, near the large public outdoor bath. There are two public baths in the town, and plenty of ryokan and hotels welcome visitors for between ¥500–¥1,500 a soak.
When you visit, be sure to make a short trip to nearby Mizusawa Temple, which is popular for the udon shops that line the route to its doors. The area is home to one of the three most famous types of udon in Japan, alongside the Sanuki udon of Kagawa and the Inaniwa udon of Akita.
Getting there: There are train options which are covered if you have the JR Pass (take the Shinkansen to Takasaki and transfer to a local train to reach Shibukawa before hopping on a bus from there). Otherwise a JR highway bus from Shinjuku Station is most convenient, as they run frequently each day direct (some continue to Kusatsu)—it costs around ¥2,400 each way and takes 2.5 hours.
Atami | Shizuoka | 106 minutes
Once a major seaside destination for Tokyoites, Atami has seen quite a decline in visitors over the decades, but this gives it a special kind of yesteryear charm. They have unusual salt-water onsen with incredible sea views, and with plenty of traditional inns dating back way past Japan’s 80s “bubble era”, you’ll be spoiled for choice on accommodation.
If you’re looking for a special romantic option, the Chikurinan Mizuno Resort which overlooks the bay has couple’s rotenburo (outdoor bath, requires reservation) in their forested grounds. While you’re there, you can visit the fake Atami Castle and even see the sex museum—it’s an unusual spot for sure! The area is well known for fishing, so you can also enjoy deliciously fresh seafood on your visit.
Getting there: By train it takes about 2 hours from Tokyo Station direct, and costs ¥1,980 each way.
Kinugawa | Tochigi | 2 hours
Perfect if you’re looking to combine your trip with a visit to Nikko, Kinugawa is one of the lesser-visited spots (but still fairly frequented) and has some of the most beautiful scenery. Despite having been through a bit of a boom and decline, recently abandoned hotels have been removed and the area is enjoying a new lease on life. There are new nature trails and foot baths near the river, as well as parks.
The water is mild and clear and has been soaked in since the Edo period—you can try it at the public or private baths dotted throughout the town. There is a small theme park recreating feudal Japan to visit between soaks, as well as a park featuring world landscapes in miniature—what more could you want from a weekend?
If you want to leave behind the more built-up style of the town, visit one of the more rural spots like Okukinu Onsen (a collection of five onsen which require a bus from town and a hike to visit) or the small town of Yunishigawa (one hour by bus from Kinugawa), which is home to onsen as well as a snow-house festival in the early months.
Getting there:The journey from Shinjuku takes 2 hours and costs ¥4,000. The trains are partially covered by the JR Pass, but as they are jointly run by the Tobu Line and JR, additional fees must be paid. These trains require reservations and run frequently. Alternatively, if you’re using the JR Wide or JR East Pass, the trip is covered entirely. See our guide to JR Passes to decide which one works best for you.
Further afield: Five onsen towns across Japan
If your schedule is tightly packed and you want to fit in an onsen trip between destinations, there are plenty of options to choose from across the country.
Kinosaki | Hyogo Prefecture | A picturesque stop between Kyoto and Hiroshima
A Kansai-based onsen town, Kinosaki is up there when it comes to picturesque spots to soak in. The town surrounds a central river lined with willow trees and is a traditional spot with guests wandering the streets in yukata each evening.
With a reputation for healing waters, many baths have been built where legend suggests the injured would bathe wounds in marshes. There are plenty of public bathhouses to choose from, as well as free public foot baths (ashiyu) to enjoy as you explore. The public baths range from small and traditional to large and modern, so you can see which you like best. Tthere are outdoor cave baths at Ichino-yu, waterfall views at Goshono-yu, and private family baths available at Jizo-yu.
If you’re staying for a while, you can go kayaking in a geopark, try snorkeling, make soba noodles, and even go on a lava-flow hiking course, so you certainly won’t be bored.
Getting there: From Tokyo the journey takes about 5 hours (a little longer if you’re on the JR Pass and can’t take the faster Nozomi trains) and requires two changes at Kyoto and Fukuchiyama, so it works better if you’re visiting Kyoto or Osaka already.
Kinosaki is two and a half hours from Kyoto and a great stop if you’re heading down to see the sand dunes of Tottori (two hours), the castle in Himeji (three hours), or going straight through to Hiroshima (4–5 hours). These routes can all be done on the JR Pass and require minimal changes, as Kinosakionsen Station is well connected.
Dogo Onsen, Matsuyama | Ehime Prefecture | Explore Shikoku from Hiroshima
Officially Japan’s oldest spa, Dogo Onsen dates back 3,000 years and is thought to be the inspiration for the bathhouse in Hayao Miyazaki’s Spirited Away. Designated as an important cultural asset, the bathhouse is located in Matsuyama, the capital of Ehime Prefecture on the island of Shikoku.
The impressive wooden structure is a sight in itself, with a castle-like presence and a watchtower which rings three times a day. It is open to the public as well as the Imperial Family, who have their own private yushinden (bath room)—one of a kind in Japan. You can’t use this, of course, but there are sightseeing tours available if you want a taste of imperial standards. The surrounding area is great for a stroll, with an old-fashioned shopping arcade and a traditional clocktower with puppets emerging on the hour.
Getting there: You can hop across the waters from Hiroshima by ferry if you are sans-JR Pass and prefer boats—choosing between a 2.5 hour journey on the cruise ferry (¥4,000 one way) OR just over an hour on the Super Jet (¥7,230 one way).
Japan Rail Pass holders can catch the bullet train to Okayama and from there catch a Limited Express to Matsuyama, which takes just over three hours. Making time in your itinerary to explore Shikoku is definitely recommended, with stunning mountains, the Shikoku pilgrimage and the vine bridges of the Iya Valley all making for incredible adventures.
Gero | Gifu Prefecture | A great pitstop for the gassho houses of Shirakawago
Definitely not one of the most scenic onsen towns, but Gero’s reputation carries it through as it was mentioned as one of Japan’s top three onsen by the Confucian poet Hayashi Razan. The town name may also be slang for vomit, but don’t let you put that off (although we’re glad to have found that out after our visit, since it definitely doesn’t help).
Locals are less temperamental, however, and it is still really popular, with plenty of ryokan and public baths available. Once there, you can purchase a wooden Yumeguri Tegata spa pass which grants access to three different onsen (from around 30). Purchase the pass at the tourist office and see brochures of which you would like to visit. A perk of Gero is its proximity to Shirakawago and Takayama, so it is an easy one to fit into your schedule as an overnight stop.
Getting there: From Tokyo it takes roughly 3.5 hours by train via Nagoya and Gifu, costing between ¥12,000 to ¥13,000. If you’re leaving from Nagoya, it’s only an hour and a half by the Hida Wide View (extra wide windows to enjoy the view!) train. Both journeys are fully covered by the JR Pass and you can travel to Takayama in under an hour if you are on your way to see Shirakawago’s gassho houses.
Beppu | Oita Prefecture | A relaxing break near Nagasaki
A destination in itself, the onsen here are nicknamed the Eight Hells of Beppu and are genuinely filled with varying horrors like crocodiles and a blood pond. But don’t let that put you off—there are some normal ones too. There are eight different hot spring sources here, each with their own public baths and ryokan.
The area produces more hot spring water than anywhere in the country—so your biggest problem might be choosing where to start. Once you’re bored of the water, why not relax in hot sand baths at Beppu beach or soak in some mud?
We recommend starting at Hyotan Onsen, a public bath with an impressive range of massaging waterfalls, as well as both indoor and outdoor pools, for only ¥700. The best-known onsen in town is the picturesque Takegawara, which was built in 1879 and offers an old-fashioned interior for a traditional soak. To visit the eight hells, you can catch a bus and choose a couple or visit them all—see our guide for tips. If you would like a prettier onsen experience, check out nearby Yufuin; it’s small, tree-lined and traditional.
Getting there: If you’re traveling direct from Tokyo, it will take just over 6 hours by train with a transfer at Kokura. Beppu is 2 hours from Hiroshima (covered by the JR Pass) and from there it’s a 4-hour journey to Nagasaki (also covered)—admittedly you could just go straight to Nagasaki in 2.5 hours, but Beppu is well worth the extra time!
Noboribetsu Onsen | A green onsen in Hokkaido
If you find yourself up north, perhaps for the famous snow festival, this is an onsen town too good to miss. The hot springs here release up to 10,000 tons of water each day, and it’s the perfect place to warm up on the coldest of Japan’s islands.
You can visit the source of the water, nicknamed Hell Valley (sharing the Japanese name of Jigokudani, but not the monkey one unfortunately). The area has 11 different types of water, with most onsen offering a choice. Daiichi Takimotokan has the biggest range, with seven different kinds, and is a very modern space to relax in. There is only one public bath, the Sagiriyu, which has two types of water and is by far the cheapest option in town.
Getting there: On the JR Pass you can travel by train all the way from Tokyo to Noboribetsu Station via Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto, which takes seven hours, before catching a bus for 15 minutes to the onsen area. If you’re in Hokkaido already, it’s a mere one hour and 20 minutes from Sapporo by Limited Express to the station. See our guide on getting from Tokyo to Hokkaido.
While we do our best to ensure it’s correct, information is subject to change. Article first published December 2017. Last updated October 2020.